The Sultanate of Oman, with an area of 309,500 square kms, encompasses a diverse range of topography, including mountain ranges, arid deserts and fertile plains. It lies in the southeast corner of the Arabian Peninsula and shares borders with the Republic of Yemen to the southwest, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the west and the United Arab Emirates to the north.

The country’s breathtaking coastline stretches for over 1,700 kms, from the Arabian Sea and the entrance to the Indian Ocean at its south-western extremity, to the Gulf of Oman and Musandam in the north, where it overlooks the Strait of Hormuz and the entrance to the Arabian Gulf; a location that has played a vital part in Oman’s strategic development.



  • Area: 309,500 sq. km.
  • Neighbouring Countries: Yemen Arab Republic, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
  • Capital: Muscat
  • Major Cities: Salalah, Nizwa, Sur, Sohar
  • Climate: Hot and humid coastal areas, dry desert interiors, strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far South


  • Population: 4,430,197 (July 2016, Source:NCSI)
  • Official language: Arabic.
  • Official religion: Islam is the .
  • Life Expectancy: 75.2 years
  • Population Growth Rate: 2.07% (2015)
  • Population Density: 7.5
  • Type: A bicameral system.
  • The Council of Oman consists of the Consultation Council and the State Council.
  • The Consultation members are elected by the Omani citizens, and the State Council members are appointed by HM The Sultan.
  • National Day: 18th November.
  • Head of State: His Majesty Sultan Bin Qaboos Bin Said.
  • Currency: Rial Omani (OR) of 1,000 baizas = US$2.58

The national economy is based on justice and the principles of a free economy. The country is heavily dependent on oil, however the government is working towards economic diversification.  Other sources of income include agriculture, industry and tourism.

Oil & Gas
Oil is extracted and processed by Petroleum Development Oman (PDO), with proven oil reserves. Commercial export of oil began in 1967 and since HM’s accession to the throne in 1970, many more oil fields have been discovered and developed. In June 1999, PDO uncovered a new oil field in southern Oman after drilling and testing three wells which demonstrated the commercial viability of the reservoir. This was the most significant find in five years. In 2004, the Oman Oil Refinery was supplied with approximately 78,200 barrels per day (12,430 m3/d) for refining, while PDO began using steam injection technology in several wells to increase its productivity. Natural gas has increased greatly in importance due to the exploitation of gas fields and the opening of a processing plant at Sur, on the coast south of Muscat.
International Relations
Oman values its good relations with its GCC partners (Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait), and has good working relations with Iran. Oman also holds diplomatic relations with over 140 nations.